Impact of sexually transmitted infections on women health

Twelve individuals (7.06%) were found to be reactive for anti HIV I antibodies. However, due to better availability of antenatal care to majority of women, cases of congenital syphilis have declined consistently over the past two-three decades. Mixed infection of Trichomonas vaginalis with Candida spp. It is desirable to have a baseline profile of the prevalence of various agents causing RTIs in a particular geographic area and population which will help in better syndromic management of the patients. In 2007, following the third National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), United Nations Joint Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and National AIDS control organization (NACO) suggested that the national adult HIV prevalence in India is approximately 0.36%, amounting to 2 to 3.1 million people living with HIV, almost 50% of the previous estimate of 5.2 million. Salhan, “Prevalence of RTI/STI agents and HIV infection in symptomatic and asymptomatic women attending peripheral health set-ups in Delhi, India,” Epidemiology and Infection, vol.

HSV-2 and syphilis seroprevalence rates were higher in urban areas and rates of syphilis were higher in men than in women in our study, while opposite trends were found in the Karnataka study. However, due to better availability of antenatal care to majority of women, cases of congenital syphilis have declined consistently over the past two-three decades. However, once contacted, STIs caused by bacteria or parasites can be treated with antibiotics. There was a statistically significant association between immunological stages of HIV infection and dermatophytosis. In 2007, following the third National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), United Nations Joint Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and National AIDS control organization (NACO) suggested that the national adult HIV prevalence in India is approximately 0.36%, amounting to 2 to 3.1 million people living with HIV, almost 50% of the previous estimate of 5.2 million. Lymphadenopathy was present in 55 (50%) patients with syphilis.


Initial house-to-house survey was carried out in 100 households in each area; these households were selected by systematic random sampling method. Among all behavioral risk factors and other covariates in women and men, HIV infection exhibited the strongest association with HSV-2 and syphilis (ORs, 8.2-14.2, p < 0.001). I can tell you that a syphilis sore would show up on average 21 days after exposure. The most common STI encountered in our study was genital ulcer, followed by vaginal discharge, urethritis, genital MC, and genital warts. Primary syphilis was diagnosed in 28 (25.5%), secondary in 47 (42.7%), and latent in 35 (31.8%) cases. When compared to PCR results HSV-1 IgG detection in both primary and recurrent genital herpes diagnosis had poor specificity, positive predictive value, and sensitivity. However, due to better availability of antenatal care to majority of women, cases of congenital syphilis have declined consistently over the past two-three decades. Of the 1116 patients screened for HIV antibody, 23 patients were detected sero-positive. The sensitivity of genital discharge syndrome (GDS) was high for Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis (96% and 91%, respectively) while specificity was low (76% and 72%, respectively). The prevalence of HIV among STI clients in India has been on the rise, but has quite alarmingly become the most common STI in our study. A total of 23% cases were diagnosed to have HIV –STI coinfection. 4 (10.53%) of the secondary syphilis were having asymptomatic rash, 14 (36.84%) had condyloma lata and 17 (44.74%) had genital ulcer with cutaneous rash. MMMR. The typical route of HIV transmission has been through unprotected heterosexual intercourse [20]; however, data about the incidence and risk factors associated with HIV transmission through heterosexual intercourse in India remains very limited [21]. Incidence of HSV-2 was higher in women vs men (31.1 vs 20.2) and in rural vs urban residents (31.1 vs 19.0) (p4 is β+δ; and 3–>4 is α+γ. If the full article could not be traced, the abstract was used. Prevalence of candidiasis, dermatophytosis, herpes simplex, herpes zoster, molluscum contagiosum (MC), seborrheic dermatitis, adverse drug reaction, nail pigmentation, xerosis and diffuse hair loss differed statistically according to the clinical stages of HIV infection. Reported consistent condom use as well as the proportion of FSWs who refused sexual contact without condoms increased over time (P < 0.001). 24 males (13.04%) presented with urethral discharge, out of which, 15 (62.5%) had nongonococcal and 9 (37.5%) gonococcal urethritis.