Enteroviral meningitis

Enteroviral meningitis can be caused by viruses Coxsackie A and Coxsackie B, ECHO, enterovirus 68 and 71 serotypes contain RNA. The change in physical appearance of people generates isolation, irritability, anxiety, depression, rejection and in extreme cases, suicidal thoughts. Clinical Description Viral meningitis is a disease marked by acute inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord accompanied by symptoms that can include stiff neck, fever, headache, photophobia, vomiting, and fatigue. Enteroviruses infect an estimated 50 million people each year in the US and possibly a billion or more worldwide. Most infections are inapparent. The germs that cause bacterial meningitis are very common and live naturally in the back of the nose and throat of about 15% of the population.

Enteroviruses, members of the family Picornaviridae, are so designated because of their ability to multiply in the gastrointestinal tract. What is meningitis? Meningitis is an inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and the coverings surrounding them. Mosquito-borne viruses are a major public health threat, but their incubation periods are typically uncited, non-specific, and not based on data. The first echoviruses were accidentally discovered in human faeces, unassociated with human disease during epidemiological studies of polioviruses. Prevention: Killed vaccine (Salk, inactivated, IPV) and live, attenuated vaccine (Sabin, oral, OPV); Livevaccine is preferred because of IgA stimulation and oral administration route.

Picornaviruses are a diverse group of viral pathogens and are one of the most common causes of human infections worldwide. Meningitis represents an inflammation of the membranes, known as meninges that cover the brain and the spinal cord. Hand, foot and mouth disease occurs primarily during the summer and fall months and is caused by a type of Enterovirus. Viruses are among the most important causes of infectious neurologic illness worldwide. Enteroviruses are members of the Picornaviridae family, a group of small, nonenveloped, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses enclosed in an icosahedral capsid (1). Polio may present as a minor illness (abortive polio), as aseptic meningitis (non-paralytic polio), with lower motor neurone damage and paralysis (paralytic polio), or as a late recrudescence of muscle wasting that occurs sometimes decades after the initial paralytic polio (progressive postpoliomyelitis muscle atrophy).

Meningitis – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Meningitis is a viral.It’s means the cause is infection with a virus. Immune System: Viral Meningitis Non-Specific Defense: First line of defense In the first line of defense against the virus, the skin plays the first defendant against the entry of unwanted viruses by creating a protective barrier for the internal parts of the body. I cannot find this posted elsewhere and thought it to be very important. This case report describes twins presenting approximately 24 h apart both with enterovirus meningoencephalitis. The major agents causing hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) are the human enteroviruses species A, particularly coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) and enterovirus 71 (EV71). An outbreak of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in children, caused by enterovirus 71, recently occurred in Fuyang City, Anhui Province.

Clinical Description HFMD is a mild illness occurring most often in children between the ages of 5-15 years of age that is caused by a group of viruses called enteroviruses (the most common being Coxsackievirus A16 and Enterovirus 71). In early 2012, doctors in Cambodia noticed high numbers of infants and young children presenting with a severe and unusual illness. Among the two types, bacterial infection is more serious and fatal. We describe a case of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) meningitis in a New York, NY, resident who had no apparent risk factors. Reprints or correspondence: Dr. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising.

Enteroviruses include over 100 serotypes and usually cause self-limited infections with non-specific symptoms in children, with the exceptions of polioviruses and enterovirus 71 which frequently cause neurologic complications. Poliovirus is a member of the enterovirus subgroup, family Picornaviridae. Hand, foot and mouth disease usually affect infants and children. After consultation with public health practitioners, including provincial and territorial chief medical officers of health and staff of the Public Health Agency of Canada, it was decided that a rapid review of the current enterovirus outbreak would be useful for Canadian public health practitioners. Enteroviruses, the most common cause of viral meningitis, are most often spread through direct contact with respiratory secretions (e.g., saliva, sputum, or nasal mucus) of an infected person.