Bacterial meningitis – Diagnosis – Approach – Best Practice

Bacterial meningitis is a severe disease that needs urgent medical attention, but the symptoms of viral meningitis can be very similar. No further cases …An apparent outbreak of cases of viral meningitis in the Lakes Region has prompted health officials to issue an advisory to healthcare providers in the state, and to keep a close eye on how the trend develops. The diagnosis is confirmed by examination and culture of CSF obtained from an LP or, alternatively, blood culture if an LP is not clinically safe to obtain. My 11 month old baby was the first to fall ill. It is recommended for all children at the age of 12 months (as part of the free National Immunisation Program). While viral meningitis can occur at any time of the year, it most often occurs in late summer or early fall.

So what’s the difference between these two forms of meningitis, how do you know which type your child has, and what should you do? There are two main types of bacterial meningitis: meningococcal and pneumococcal. Patel reminded parents that the rash can be a late sign of meningitis, so just because your child doesn’t have one, it doesn’t mean you shouldn’t be concerned. This is a serious disease with about a five to 15 percent death rate. Developing a faint rash that resembles a bunch of very small pink, red or purple pinpricks with meningococcal meningitis is common. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


• Other investigations should not delay antibiotic therapy. The rash has given the skin a mottled appearance. Developing a faint rash that resembles a bunch of very small pink, red or purple pinpricks with meningococcal meningitis is common. Fortunately, both of these fairly serious diseases, along with German measles, are mostly history because of vaccines. Meningitis takes its name from the delicate tissue layer surrounding the brain and spinal cord (meninges) and the inflammation that results from the infection(-itis). Meningitis is a life-threatening illness which is sometimes accompanied by a rash of red or purple spots anywhere on the body that do not fade under pressure.

Student Health Services wants students, faculty, and staff to have up-to-date information about this disease and know how to reduce the risk of exposure. Meningitis can be caused by two types of germs: viruses and bacteria. Suddenly George was sick but the family presumed it was down to the change of routine and the fact he had just drunk a whole bottle of milk. Mason didn’t have the rash generally associated with meningitis – and yet he died from the disease in less than 24 hours. Neurology . By 7.30am I was feeling sick and had pins and needles in my arms.

While you should not delay medical treatment to see if a rash develops, the presence of a rash can often be an indication of meningitis and/or septicemia, and can be confirmed using a glass or tumbler test.[2] Learning how to perform a glass test, and look for other symptoms of meningitis or septicemia, can help save the life of you or a loved one. Recognition of meningococcal disease can be difficult especially for doctors unfamiliar with the infection. It depends on the cause of the infection. The viral form of meningitis is the more common and is usually not as severe as bacterial meningitis. Children with fever and petechiae who do not have a mechanical reason for their petechiae warrant blood tests as part of their management. Meningitis itself is a term for the inflammation of meninges, the three protective membranes that cover the brain and the spinal cord.

It started with an ear infection, and the doctor prescribed antibiotics which seemed to make Mel vomit, but that was apparently normal for these tablets. You can find out more about our use of cookies in About Cookies, including instructions on how to turn off cookies if you wish to do so. If you suspect that you, or someone you know, has bacterial meningitis, dial 999 immediately and ask for an ambulance. Unfortunately, early symptoms of meningitis and septicaemia often resemble viral illnesses such as influenza and in the current swine flu pandemic there is a risk that a diagnosis of meningitis and septicaemia may be missed.